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On Friday, October 12, Freshwater Land Trust and U.S. Fish and Wildlife hosted an all-day endangered species tour, highlighting six Jefferson County locations, stretching from Bessemer to Pinson, where endangered species have been protected.
Through this event, we hoped to give conservation-minded stakeholders an opportunity to connect and learn more about the work being done to protect endemic aquatic life, especially the watercress, rush, and vermilion darters.
We are thrilled that over thirty individuals attended the tour! Throughout the day, attendees built new relationships, asked great questions, and brainstormed ways to continue building partnerships that advance species conservation in Jefferson County.
We plan to host a similar tour in 2019. Please contact us if you’re interested in attending! We would love to be a resource for you. In the meantime, check out our video highlights and scroll down for photos from the tour.

Stop 1: Thomas Springs

In 1980, the Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge was created at Thomas Springs. Nestled in a suburban subdivision, the watercress darter flourishes in a man-made pond just below the spring. The watercress darter exists only in Jefferson County, and Thomas Springs is one of its six habitats.

Stop 2: Seven Springs at Faith Apostolic Church

In 2005, Faith Apostolic Church and Freshwater Land Trust formed a partnership to protect Seven Springs. Together, we enhanced the watercress darter’s habitat by removing vegetation along the spring run to allow adequate sunlight to reach aquatic plants. We also created a nature sanctuary, mediation garden, and community educational resource.
Learn more: 2010 article on Bishop Heron Johnson and Faith Apostolic’s efforts. You can also visit Faith Apostolic’s website.

Stop 3: Roebuck Springs

Roebuck Springs is another home of the watercress darter. U.S. Fish and Wildlife and Freshwater Land Trust began facilitating the springs’ restoration after a dam removal in 2008. Today, bioswales and wetland plants help effectively slow and filter stormwater, keeping Roebuck Springs cool and clean so the watercress darter can thrive.
Learn more: 2018 article on our habitat enhancement project

Stop 4: Highway 79

Driving down Highway 79, most people aren’t aware they’re traveling right past the habitat of the rush darter, a gold and brown-speckled fish. In 2003, the rush darter population was estimated to be less than 500 individuals, making them exceptionally rare. They are doing surprisingly well given their location in a highly-traveled, industrialized area.

Stop 5: Penny (Tapawingo) Springs

Tapawingo Springs forms a tributary to Turkey Creek and is home to the rush, vermilion, and watercress darters. In the 1960s, Tapawingo was developed into a spring-fed pool known as “Tapawingo Plunge.” In 2002, Freshwater Land Trust removed a trailer park and the Plunge, restoring the natural hydrology and converting the land into a more natural state capable of supporting diverse plants and animals, including protected species.
Learn more about the history of Tapawingo and check out this 2012 article on the springs.

Stop 6: Turkey Creek Nature Preserve

Forever Wild, Freshwater Land Trust, and Birmingham Southern College worked together to protect and enhance 466 acres surrounding Turkey Creek. The preserve hosts education programs, provides opportunities for outdoor recreation, and sustains a population of vermilion darter. Recently, rush darter were recorded in the preserve as well.
Learn more about the Preserve’s historyYou can also visit Turkey Creek Nature Preserve’s website.

Partnerships matter.

Working together is essential if we want to make lasting positive impact on our natural environment. We are especially grateful that the following individuals were willing to share their expertise on this year’s tour:

  • Daniel Drennen, Lee Holt, Rob Hurt, and Eric Spadgenske (Fish and Wildlife)
  • Dr. Mike Howell (Samford University)
  • Bishop Michael Bender and the congregation at Faith Apostolic
  • Dr. Scott Duncan (Birmingham-Southern College)
  • Brad Nail (Alabama Forestry Association)
  • Francesca Gross (The Nature Conservancy)
  • Dr. Bernie Kuhajda (Tennessee Aquarium)
  • Charles Yeager (Turkey Creek Nature Preserve)

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